Faculty publications from the Biology Department at Gettysburg College.



Probing for Binding Regions of the FtsZ Protein Surface through Site-Directed Insertions: Discovery of Fully Functional FtsZ-Fluorescent Proteins, Desmond A. Moore, Zakiya N. Whatley, Chandra P. Joshi, Masaki Osawa, and Harold P. Erickson


Tongue and Taste Organ Development in the Ontogeny of Direct-Developing Salamander Plethodon Cinereus (Lissamphibia: Plethodontidae), Karolina Budzik, Krystyna Żuwała, and Ryan R. Kerney

Inherent Directionality Determines Spatial Release from Masking at the Tympanum in a Vertebrate with Internally Coupled Ears, Michael S. Caldwell, Norman Lee, and Mark A. Bee

Testing Hypotheses for the Presence of the tRNA Genes in Mycobacteriophage Genomes, Veronique A. Delesalle, Natalie T. Tanke, Albert C. Vill, and Gregory P. Krukonis


The Biology of Metamorphosis Insectorum Surinamensium, Kay Etheridge

The History and Influence of Maria Sibylla Merian's Bird-Eating Tarantula: Circulating Images and the Production of Natural Knowledge, Kay Etheridge

Exposure to SSRI-type Antidepressants Increases Righting Time in the Marine Snail Ilyanassa Obsoleta, Peter P. Fong, Taylor B. S. Bury, Elizabeth E. Donovan, Olivia J. Lambert, Julia R. Palmucci, and Stephanie K. Adamczak

Long-term Exposure to Gold Nanoparticles Accelerates Larval Metamorphosis Without Affecting Mass in Wood Frogs (Lithobates sylvaticus) at Environmentally Relevant Concentrations, Peter P. Fong, Lucas B. Thompson, Gerardo L.F. Carfagno, and Andrea J. Sitton


Long-term Recovery from Acute Cold Shock in Caenorhabditis Elegans, Joseph D. Robinson and Jennifer R. Powell


Unearthing the Fossorial Tadpoles of the Indian Dancing Frog Family Micrixalidae, Gayani Senevirathne, Sonali Garg, Ryan R. Kerney, Madhava Meegaskumbura, and S. D. Biju


From Clinging to Digging: The Postembryonic Skeletal Ontogeny of the Indian Purple Frog, Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis (Anura: Nasikabatrachidae), Gayani Senevirathne, Ashish Thomas, Ryan R. Kerney, James Hanken, S. D. Biju, and Madhava Meegaskumbura

Collateral Damage or Shadow of Safety? The Effects of Signaling Heterospecific Neighbours on the Risks of Parasitism and Predation, Paula A. Trillo, Ximena E. Bernal, Michael S. Caldwell, Wouter H. Halfwek, Mallory O. Wessel, and Rachel A. Page



Revised Distribution for Otomops martiensseni (Chiroptera: Molossidae) in Southern Africa, Rick A. Adams, Frank J. Bonaccorso, and John R. Winkelmann


The Ecology of the Raupen Books, Kay Etheridge


Maria Sibylla Merian (1647-1717): Pioneering Naturalist, Artist, and Inspiration for Catesby, Kay Etheridge and Florence F.J.M. Pieters

The Antidepressants Venlafaxine (“Effexor”) and Fluoxetine (“Prozac”) Produce Different Effects on Locomotion in Two Species of Marine Snail, The Oyster Drill (Urosalpinx cinerea) and the Starsnail (Lithopoma americanum), Peter P. Fong, Taylor B. Bury, Abigail D. Dworkin-Brodsky, Christina M. Jasion, and Rose C. Kell

The Effects of Antidepressants Appear to be Rapid and at Environmentally Relevant Concentrations, Alex T. Ford and Peter P. Fong


A Newly Discovered Bordetella Species Carries a Transcriptionally Active CRISPR-Cas with a Small Cas9 Endonuclease, Yury V. Ivanov, Nikki Shariat, Karen B. Register, Bodo Linz, Israel Rivera, Kai Hu, Edward G. Dudley, and Eric T. Harvill


The Conserved G-Protein Coupled Receptor FSHR-1 Regulates Protective Host Responses to Infection and Oxidative Stress, Elizabeth V. Miller, Leah N. Grandi, Jennifer A. Giannini, Joseph D. Robinson, and Jennifer R. Powell


Zakiya Whatley, Visiting Assistant Professor of Biology, Musselman Library and Zakiya Whatley (April 22, 2015)


Whole Genome Comparison of a Large Collection of Mycobacteriophages Reveals a Continuum of Phage Genetic Diversity, Welkin H. Pope, Charles A. Bowman, Daniel A. Russell, Deborah Jacobs-Sera, David J. Asai, Steven G. Cresawn, William R. Jacobs, Roger W. Hendrix, Jeffrey G. Lawrence, Graham F. Hatfull, Veronique A. Delesalle, and Gregory P. Krukonis


Mutations that Separate the Functions of the Proofreading Subunit of the Escherichia coli Replicase, Zakiya Whatley and Kenneth N. Kreuzer


Foraging Movements of Epauletted Fruit Bats (Pteropodidae) in Relation to the Distribution of Sycamore Figs (Moraceae) in Kruger National Park, South Africa, Frank J. Bonaccorso, John R. Winkelmann, Christopher M. Todd, and Adam C. Miles

Growth Inhibition of Tadpoles Exposed to Sertraline in the Presence of Conspecifics, Gerardo L.F. Carfagno and Peter P. Fong

The Biological Effects of Antidepressants on the Molluscs and Crustaceans: A Review, Peter P. Fong and Alex T. Ford

Sexually-Dimorphic Expression of Tyrosine Hydroxylase Immunoreactivity in the Brain of a Vocal Teleost Fish (Porichthys notatus), Geraldine K.E. Goebrecht, Robert A. Kowtoniuk, Brenda G. Kelly, and James Matthew Kittelberger


Phylogenetic Analysis of Algal Symbionts Associated with Four North American Amphibian Egg Masses, Eunsoo Kim, Yuan Lin, Ryan R. Kerney, Lili Blumenberg, and Cory Bishop

Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA14 Pathogenesis in Caenorhabditis elegans, Natalia V. Kirienko, Brent O. Cezairliyan, Frederick M. Ausubel, and Jennifer R. Powell


Cluster M Mycobacteriophages Bongo, PegLeg, and Rey with Unusually Large Repertoires of tRNA Isotopes, Welkin H. Pope, Kirk R. Anders, Madison Baird, Charles A. Bowman, Michelle M. Boyle, Gregory W. Broussard, Tiffany Chow, Kari L. Clase, Shannon Cooper, Kathleen A. Cornely, Randall J. DeJong, Veronique A. Delesalle, Lisa Deng, David Dunbar, Nicholas P. Edgington, Christina M. Ferreira, Kathleen Weston Hafer, Grant A. Hartzog, J. Robert Hatherill, Lee E. Hughes, Khristina Ipapo, Gregory P. Krukonis, Christopher G. Meier, Denise L. Monti, Matthew R. Olm, Shallee T. Page, Craig L. Peebles, Claire A. Rinehart, Michael R. Rubin, Daniel A. Russell, Erin R. Sanders, Morgan Schoer, Christopher D. Shaffer, James Wherley, Edwin Vazquez, Han Yuan, Daiyuan Zhang, Steven G. Cresawn, Deborah Jacobs-Sera, Roger W. Hendrix, and Graham F. Hatfull



Leonardo and the Whale, Kay Etheridge

Antidepressants Cause Foot Detachment from Substrate in Five Species of Marine Snail, Peter P. Fong and Nikolett Molnar


Germline Transgenic Methods for Tracking Cells and Testing Gene Function During Regeneration in the Axolotl, Shahryar Khattak, Maritta Schuez, Tobias Richter, Dunja Knapp, Saori L. Haigo, Tatiana Sandoval-Guzmán, Kristyna Hradlikova, Annett Duemmler, Ryan R. Kerney, and Elly M. Tanaka

Vocal-Motor and Auditory Connectivity of the Midbrain Periaqueductal Gray in a Teleost Fish, James Matthew Kittelberger and Andrew H. Bass


The Deletion of the Bre1 Gene in Aspergillus nidulans Impairs Mitotic Growth, Meiosis, and DNA Damage Repair, Andrea J. Sitton and Steven W. James


Antidepressants (Venlafaxine and Citalopram) Cause Foot Detachment from the Substrate in Freshwater Snails at Environmentally Relevant Concentrations, Peter Fong and Caitlin Hoy

Do Larval Traits Re-Evolve? Evidence from the Embryogenesis of a Direct-Developing Salamander (Plethodon Cinereus), Ryan R. Kerney, David C. Blackburn, Hendrick Müller, and James Hanken


Cartilage on the Move: Cartilage Lineage Tracing During Tadpole Metamorphosis, Ryan R. Kerney, Alison L. Brittain, Brian K. Hall, and Daniel R. Buchholz


Toxic Effects of Copper, Cadmium, and Methoxychlor Shown by Neutral Red Retention Assay in Two Species of Freshwater Molluscs, Nikolett Molnar and Peter Fong


Conserving Our Cultural Heritage: The Role of Fungi in Biodeterioration, Hanna Szczepanowska and A. R. Cavaliere

Latitudinal Variation in Thermal Ecology of North American Ratsnakes and its Implications for the Effect of Climate Warming on Snakes, Patrick Weatherhead, Jinelle Sperry, Gerardo L.F. Carfagno, and Gabriel Blouin-Demers



Maria Sibylla Merian and the Metamorphosis of Natural History, Kay Etheridge


Maria Sibylla Merian: The first ecologist?, Kay Etheridge


Defining the Dolphin, Kay Etheridge


Maria Sibylla Merian's Frogs, Kay Etheridge


Latitudinal Variation in Seasonal Activity and Mortality in Ratsnakes (Elaphe obsoleta), Jinelle H. Sperry, Gabriel Blouin-Demers, Gerardo L.F. Carfagno, and Patrick J. Weatherhead


Linking Snake Behavior to Nest Predation in a Midwestern Bird Community, Patrick J. Weatherhead, Gerardo L.F. Carfagno, Jinelle H. Sperry, Jeffrey D. Brawn, and Scott K. Robinson


Review of Engaging with Nature: Essays on the Natural World in Medieval and Early Modern Europe, Kay Etheridge



Loathsome Beasts: Images of Reptiles and Amphibians in Art and Science, Kay Etheridge



Seed Mass and Morphology in Outcrossing and Selfing Species of Clarkia (Onagraceae): An SEM Study, Jennifer L. Knies, Veronique A. Delesalle, and A. R. Cavaliere



Thyroxine-induced Changes in Metabolic Rate and Cytochrome Oxidase Activity in Thamnophis sirtalis: Effects of Nutritional Status, Kay Etheridge



The Role of Steroids in Reproduction in Female Elasmobranchs and Reptiles, Ian P. Callard, Kay Etheridge, Georgia Giannoukos, Theresa Lamb, and Lorelei Perez


The Energetics of Estivating Sirenid Salamanders, Kay Etheridge

Water Balance in Estivating Sirenid Salamanders, Kay Etheridge


Seasonal Changes in Energy Storage and Reproductive Condition in the Lizard Cnemidophorus sexlineatus, Kay Etheridge



Consumption of Aquatic Plants by the West Indian Manatee, Kay Etheridge, G. B. Rathbun, J. A. Powell, and H. I. Kochman


The Influence of Man-made Trails on Foraging by Tropical Frugivorous Bats, Jorge Palmeirim and Kay Etheridge


Hibernation in the lizard Cnemidophorus sexlineatus (Lacertilia: Teidae), Kay Etheridge, Lawrence C. Wit, and Jeffrey C. Sellers



Seasonal Plasma T4 Titers in the Hibernating Lizard Cnemidophorus sexlineatus, J. C. Sellers, L. C. Wit, V. K. Ganjam, Kay Etheridge, and I. M. Ragland



Aquatic Ascomycetes from Lake Itasca, Minnesota, A. R. Cavaliere



Marine Fungi of Iceland: A Preliminary Account of Ascomycetes, A. R. Cavaliere



A New Marine Ascomycete from Australia, A. R. Cavaliere and T. W. Johnson Jr.


Two New Species of Leafblight Fungi on Kalmia Latifolia, F. A. Wolf and A. R. Cavaliere