One aspect of medieval variety was a love of this world and of nature. This naturalism had many bases in addition to the fact that man has always found nature unavoidable. It was due also, in part, to the pronounced emphasis on the other world, and arose as an understandable reaction to the prevailing concern for things spiritual. It was also due in part to the fact that, according to Christian teachings, this world of nature was in and of itself good because it had been created by a good God. Therefore it was not to be despised. Naturalism was further strengthened by the appearance of Aristotle's thought. A mixture of such motives as these produced two very different results, both of which we can illustrate by poems, one of them by a Goliard poet and the other by St. Francis. [excerpt]
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Bloom, Robert L. et al. "1. The Goliard Poets. Pt. IV: The Medieval Ferment." Ideas and Institutions of Western Man (Gettysburg College, 1958), 3-6.