Roles

Sarah G. Dionne: Class of 2007

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2009

Department

Psychology

Abstract

Grounded theory proposes that abstract concepts (e.g., power) are represented by perceptions of vertical space (e.g., up is powerful; down is powerless). We used this theory to examine predictions made by evolutionary psychologists who suggest that desirable males are those who have status and resources (i.e., powerful) while desirable females are those who are youthful and faithful (i.e., powerless). Using vertical position as an implicit cue for power, we found that male participants rated pictures of females as more attractive when their images were presented near the bottom of a computer screen, whereas female participants rated pictures of males as more attractive when their images were presented near the top of a computer screen. Our results support the evolutionary theory of attraction and reveal the social-judgment consequences of grounded theories of cognition.

Comments

This article is based upon the honors thesis research of Sarah Dionne while at Gettysburg College.

Required Publisher's Statement

Original version is available from the publisher at: http://guilfordjournals.com/loi/soco

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