Mindfulness Reduces the Correspondence Bias
The correspondence bias (CB) refers to the idea that people sometimes give undue weight to dispositional rather than situational factors when explaining behaviours and attitudes. Three experiments examined whether mindfulness, a non-judgmental focus on the present moment, could reduce the CB. Participants engaged in a brief mindfulness exercise (the raisin task), a control task, or an attention to detail task before completing a typical CB measure involving an attitude-attribution paradigm. The results indicated that participants in the mindfulness condition experienced a significant reduction in the CB compared to participants in the control or attention to detail conditions. These results suggest that mindfulness training can play a unique role in reducing social biases related to person perception.
Hopthrow, T., N. Hooper, L. Mahmood, B. P. Meier, & U. W. Weger. "Mindfulness reduces the correspondence bias." Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 70, no. 3 (2017): 351-360.
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