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Department 1



Although the term “integrative medicine” is being used to refer to the merging of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) with standard biomedicine, there are some spiritual and paranormal frames for alternative medicine that are only partially integrated into standard medicine if at all. This study examines the orientations of some alternative practitioners and clients/users in the U.S. and the UK in terms of their views of science, spirituality and the paranormal.


Presentation given at the Friday Forum on September 7th, 2018. The Friday Forum is a series of lectures given by members of the Gettysburg College community on their personal scholarly research, creative activities, or professional or curricular development activities.

Professor Emmons has also published a series of documentaries on similar topics as the ones discussed in this presentation.