Comparison of Body Composition Techniques Before and After a 161-Km Ultramarathon Using DXA, BIS and BIA
The low cost, ease of application and portability of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and spectroscopy (BIS) devices make them attractive tools for measuring acute changes in body composition before and after exercise, despite potential limitations from active compartmental fluid shifts. The primary study aim was to evaluate use of dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) against BIA and BIS in measurements of percent body fat (%BF) and percent total body water (%TBW) before and after prolonged endurance exercise. 10 runners were measured pre-race and at race finish. Significant linear relationships were noted pre-race between DXA vs. BIS for %BF (r2=0.76; p
Hew-Butler, Tamara, B.T. Holexa, Kevin Fogard, Kristin J. Stuempfle, Martin D. Hoffman. "Comparison of Body Composition Techniques Before and After a 161-Km Ultramarathon Using DXA, BIS and BIA." International Journal of Sports Medicine 36.2 (February 2015), 169-174.