Culture vs. Rational Choice: Assessing the Causes of Religious Discrimination in Muslim States
As few theories exist to explain the causes of religious discrimination, this study compares theories related to general religion-state relations based on ideology, culture, and rational choice. We find that while political and structural factors are important in explaining variation in levels of discrimination across Muslim countries, ideational factors may help to explain why certain minority groups appear to be targeted more than others within individual countries.
Sarkissian, Ani, Jonathan Fox, and Yasemin Akbaba. “Culture vs. Rational Choice: Assessing the Causes of Religious Discrimination in Muslim States.” Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 17.4 (2011): 423–446.