Bangladesh (formally the People's Republic of Bangladesh) is a Muslim-majority parliamentary democracy located in South Asia. Originally called East Pakistan, it was created during the partition of India in 1947 as the eastern wing of the country of Pakistan. Its name was later changed to East Bengal and then to Bangladesh after its union with West Pakistan was broken following a bloody war of secession in 1971. [excerpt]
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Sijapati, Megan Adamson. "Bangladesh." Encyclopedia of Global Religion. Mark Juergensmeyer and Wade Clark Roof, eds. Los Angeles: Sage Publications, 2011. pp. 116 - 117.
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Original version published in SAGE Publishing's Encyclopedia of Global Religion.