Bhutan (formally the Kingdom of Bhutan) is a small, landlocked Buddhist constitutional monarchy in the eastern Himalayas, located between China's Tibetan autonomous region and India. Its terrain is largely mountainous, and its economy is based on agriculture and forestry. Bhutan's official national language is Dzongkha, and its multiethnic population, reported in the 2005 govrnment census to be approximately 681,000, is 75% Buddhist and 25% Hindu.
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Sijapati, Megan Adamson. "Bhutan." Encyclopedia of Global Religion. Mark Juergensmeyer and Wade Clark Roof, eds. Los Angeles: Sage Publications, 2011. pp. 141-142.
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Original version published in SAGE Publishing's Encyclopedia of Global Religion.