The Dominican Revolutionary Party's inability to fulfill its historic program of political and economic democracy, coupled with a series of struggles within the party group, have opened the way for the historic contest between Joaquin Balaguer and Juan Bosch. The nature of this ideological war was inevitable because, since the U.S. military intervention in 1965, Balaguer and Bosch had represented in the country mixed views on both the economy and politics. While Balaguer's dictatorial governments from 1966 to 1978 are considered the legacy of the United States military intervention in 1965, Bosch is seen as the main nationalist critical of representative democracy. Since early 1970, Bosch had denounced the falsehoods of representative democracy, and in 1973, left the Dominican Revolutionary Party and founded the Dominican Liberation Party, founded on a program based on the nationalist left.
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“República Dominicana: crisis del bipartidismo en las elecciones de 1990” in El Caribe Contemporáneo, No. 22, Jan-Jun, 1991. Mexico City, Mexico.