Class Year


Document Type

Student Research Paper

Date of Creation

Spring 2012

Department 1



Left tattered after centuries of ware, hidden in the walls of Topkapı Sarayı, the 1513 map of the Ottoman cartographer Hacı Ahmed Muhiddin Piri has not been properly contextualized in light of Portuguese cartography of the time. In the map’s colophon, Piri Reis indicated that he utilized Portuguese charts as his sources for cartographic depictions of India and China. Scholars have not inspected the full range of contemporaneous Portuguese charts that depict the Indian Ocean Basin in light of the Piri Reis map. My contribution is to examine several late 14th and early 15th century Portuguese cartographical sources and references to sources to suggest possible connections between the Piri Reis map and contemporary Portuguese mappa mundi.


This paper was presented as part of the Ottoman Cultural History Panel at the Seventh Undergraduate Conference in Medieval and Early Modern Studies Conference at Moravian College, December 1, 2012. Click here to see the conference program.