Class Year


Document Type

Student Research Paper

Date of Creation

Spring 2014

Department 1



Freya von Moltke was a member of the Kreisau Circle resistance group in Nazi Germany from 1940 to 1944. This intellectual group planned for the future of Germany after the anticipated downfall of the Nazis and was led by Helmuth von Moltke, the husband of Freya, and Peter Yorck. Despite the significance of her resistance in comparison to the majority of the German population, the resistance story of Freya von Moltke is often overwhelmed by that of her husband. The examination of Freya von Moltke’s interviews, letters, and memoirs as well as a variety of secondary sources reveals that she personally displayed a tremendous amount of ideological and active agency in a totalitarian society. She also displays various levels of female involvement in opposition to Nazism and was a distinct member of the resistance in her own right.


Senior History Thesis