Document Type


Publication Date


Department 1



Writing in the Old English Andreas is at once both a productive and a destructive activity. We first become aware of the dangerous power of the written word quite early in the poem, when we learn that the Mermedonians have subverted the normally productive activity of writing into a tool for calculating the execution dates of their prisoners (134-37). Later, the words uttered by the devil to incite the Mermedonians against Andreas illuminate the lexical relationship between the destructive nature of writing and the productive nature of torture in the semiotic context of the poem. Finally, in a sort of "double-subversion," these same Mermedonians are the agents by which the destructive practice of torture is itself transformed, as they "write" upon Andreas's body his identity as a type of Christ. It is precisely this analogous relationship between production and destruction, between inscription and infliction, between the act of writing and that of torture and the transformative powers bound up in each practice which I will explore in this paper, focusing on how Andreas's body ultimately serves as the page upon which this multivalent (and seemingly paradoxical) text is written. [excerpt]

Required Publisher's Statement

Original version is available from the publisher at: