Although the World Youth Congress Movement (1936-1939) was established by liberal internationalists as an umbrella movement for youth organizations interested in advancing peace and international cooperation, it drew suspicion from conservatives, Catholics, and fascists over its inclusion of avowed communists and because of allegations—later verified—of covert communist influence among the movement’s youth leadership. Despite this, treating the WYCM exclusively as a communist front organization ignores the significance of the ideological accommodation that took place within the WYCM as both liberals and communists sought new allies and opportunities to bolster their causes at a turbulent time. Mutual accommodation was above all possible because liberal and communist stakeholders shared a vision of young people as a constituency that could be mobilized to advance the causes of peace and cooperation. As the following decades would show, however, the WYCM papered over these divisions rather than transcending them.
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Lavery, Kevin, "“Youth of the World, Unite So That You May Live": The World Youth Congress Movement, 1936-1939" (2019). Friday Forum. 4.