Civil War Era Studies
A simple epitaph with amazing impact: "Born in Slavery, Died Feb 15 1908." Those words speak and speak loudly. Thomas Burl wanted it to be known for eternity that he was a slave. And he wanted it to be known that he wasn't when he died. That label defined his whole life. It defined who he was when he had the name "slave" forced on him when he was born. And it again defined him through its absence after 1863. [excerpt]
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Rudy, John M., "Born in Slavery: One Grave in Chambersburg" (2013). Interpreting the Civil War: Connecting the Civil War to the American Public. 81.