Nepal is a democratic republic located along the southern region of the Himalayan range, bordering India to the south, west, and east and the Tibetan autonomous region of China to the north. Though a small country in geographic terms (approximately 54,362 square miles [1 mile = 1.6093 kilometers]), its population of approximately 29.5 million people is a complex and heterogeneous mix of both Indo-European and Tibeto-Burman ethnic groups and castes, each with distinct languages and religious and cultural traditions. [excerpt]
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Sijapati, Megan Adamson. "Nepal." Encyclopedia of Global Religion. Mark Juergensmeyer and Wade Clark Roof, eds. Los Angeles: Sage Publications, 2011. pp. 882-883.
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Original version published in SAGE Publishing's Encyclopedia of Global Religion.