Jeffrey J. Horvath '15, Gettysburg College
Student Research Paper
Date of Creation
This paper explores different readings of Spinoza's "Ethics" with a specific focus on Spinoza's understanding of the relationship between infinite and finite modes in his constructed universe. These different readings suggest that Spinoza's conception of human freedom can be read both as examples of positive liberty and negative liberty.
This is the author's version of the work. This publication appears in Gettysburg College's institutional repository by permission of the copyright owner for personal use, not for redistribution.
Horvath, Jeffrey J., "The Stakes of Spinoza’s Language: A Moderate Necessitarian Understanding of 'Ethics' and Spinoza’s Conception of Freedom as Both Positive and Negative Liberty" (2015). Student Publications. 333.