Music Publications: Artifacts and Instruments of the Music Industry
Conservatory of Music
The technological advancements of the second half of the nineteenth century had an important impact on the music publishing business. Innovations such as the mimeograph in 1886 as well as the implementation of new printing methods such as offset printing (1875), hot metal typesetting (1884), screen printing (1910), and electrogravure (1905) characterized the fin de siècle history of printing. The appearance of many new editions of literary and musical works as well as the creation of new journals was the evidence of a strengthened publishing business. All this happened while the sound recording industry began its fast and steady emergence in Europe. [excerpt]
Leal, César. "Music Publications: Artifacts and Instruments of the Music Industry." In Financing Music in Europe, edited by Etienne Jardin. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepol: 2022.