Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date


Department 1

Interdisciplinary Studies


The Hemic group includes the Egyptian and Coptic languages, the Libyan and Barbarian languages, the Koshtia languages, and the languages of the original inhabitants of the eastern part of Africa. [excerpt]


This entry focuses on languages in the Middle East and North Africa, discussing their appearance, dissemination and development from prehistoric times until 1250 AD. It also discusses the circumstances that accompanied the spread of some of these languages—and the extinction of others—as well as the survival of some of them to modern times.

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