Work Environment and Workers’ Smoking: The Impact of Affect and Social Support Among Korean Workers

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The main goal of this study is to investigate the causal pathways of work environment and smoking habits. We also tested whether socio-psychic variables influence this pathway. By bridging the affective events theory framework, we compose two categories of work environment according to the affective events theory model: work features and emotional labor. Using the Korean Working Conditions Survey (N = 50,032), we analyzed the mediating effects after inputting negative affect, the interaction effects of social support, to predict smoking behaviors. The results reveal a direct relationship between lower job autonomy and smoking due to negative sentiments and the infringement of working-time flexibility. Lower levels of social support also impacted smoking in interactions with low job autonomy. Therefore, we suggest that work environment, and primarily work features, induces stress-related adverse affects and promotes smoking, while an environment of social support can reduce smoking.



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