Class Year


Document Type

Student Research Paper

Date of Creation

Spring 2014

Department 1



This essay analyzes musical life in the Third Reich. More specifically, the focus will be on the Nazis’ regulation of music and the role that musicians themselves played in determining and enforcing cultural coordination. While some evidence extends into the war years (1939-1945), the bulk of the information presented here took place in the pre-war Nazi era (1933-1939). The purpose here is to show that those musicians who worked with and under the Nazis were affected in different ways and had varying levels of agency within the National Socialist system. Some have been branded collaborators, others victims, and this paper will question this binary system of classification. Following a trend of historical revisionism in this field, this paper takes into account that the question of culpability is now less certain than ever.


History Senior Thesis