Class Year


Document Type

Student Research Paper

Date of Creation

Spring 2020

Department 1

Public Policy


In deciding how to interpret and understand public policy, many experts use theories and frameworks to justify their reasoning. One of the most common avenue of viewing policy involves the advocacy coalition framework based on its broad applicability. This popular framework consists of banding like-minded individuals together into a coalition to advance the narrative by creating acceptable policies for their group. These coalitions normally include a wide range of professional backgrounds from interest groups, elected officials, researchers in academia. These groups utilize special events to influence subfields consisting of actors who decide the solutions for policy problems. Subfields normally are made up of key players employed in government institutions and private industrial groups who willingly agree to work toward a compromise with the goal to create policy acceptable for both sides (Cairney 2014) These coalitions influence the subfield in different ways through capitalizing on their influential power or by ignoring the alliances and mergers of the groups. This paper shall explore how advocacy coalition framework works for three pressing issues facing the healthcare industry. These three policies focus on drug pricing, heath data privacy and opioid liability. This paper will explore the policy in depth, provide historical context and the major players while outlining how the specific proposals fit in the framework as well as identifying the framework’s limitations with the policy.


Written for PP 305: Advanced Public Policy Analysis.