Class Year


Document Type

Student Research Paper

Date of Creation

Spring 2020

Department 1



As a Whig and a latitudinarian, Bishop Benjamin Hoadly of Bangor (1676-1761) was a persistent critic of any and all things Tory. His sermon “The Nature of the Kingdom, or Church, of Christ,” preached before King George I in 1717, touched upon the political and theological controversies that followed in the wake of the Glorious Revolution. It also forwarded a radical ecclesiological schema: effectively arguing that the Church of England lacked real moral authority, he advocated for its subsumption under the state’s own auspices. An analysis of Hoadly’s sermon, as well as his conduct throughout the ensuing Bangorian controversy, will demonstrate that the Enlightenment extremism ascribed to him by some of his contemporaries was a not altogether unfair characterization of his thought.


Written for History 314: Early Modern Europe.