Class Year


Document Type

Student Research Paper

Date of Creation

Fall 2019

Department 1

Africana Studies


Artists, including Rihanna, Cardi B, and Jay-Z, have turned down the NFL’s offer to perform in the halftime show out of solidarity with Colin Kaepernick , but it was recently announced that Jennifer Lopez and Shakira will be performing in 2020. This has sparked controversy because some are celebrating that there are two Latinas headlining the Super Bowl halftime show for the first time while others do not view this event as a cause for celebration because they believe that J. Lo and Shakira should have boycotted like other artists have. Jennifer Lopez and Shakira have given no prior indications that they stand with Colin Kaepernick, so there should not have been an expectation from them to reject the NFL’s offer. In addition, there are those who actually do stand in solidarity with Kaepernick who should be held accountable for their actions that do not align with their positions as allies.


Written for AFS 250: Black Bodies in American Sport