Class Year


Document Type

Student Research Paper

Date of Creation

Fall 2020

Department 1



Tobacco carried a range of gendered, social, regional, and racial meanings in America during the nineteenth century, and these disparate meanings were symbolized through different forms of consumption. The cultural meaning inherent within chewing tobacco, cigars, pipes, and cigarettes, are the object of this research. I will examine the class associations linked to chewing tobacco, the manly identities symbolized through cigars and pipes, and explore cultural movement and racial meaning through the cigarette. Through tobacco, I will explain how nineteenth century Americans comprehended addiction, and establish the organic agency of consumable commodities to influence the consciousness of their users.


Written for History 425: Seminar on the American Civil War

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.