Class Year


Document Type

Student Research Paper

Date of Creation

Fall 2020

Department 1

Environmental Studies


Previous studies have explored the relationship between redlining and canopy cover by using percent canopy cover. This data type can miss low-density trees that are common in urban areas, differences between parks and street trees, and differences in the size of the green space. With a distinction between parks and street trees, we are able to determine what types of green space redlined communities have access to, since different types of green space have different kinds of impacts on the community. This study aims to analyze the relationship between previously redlined Pennsylvania neighborhoods and their current canopy impermeability, using high resolution tree canopy cover data. As was hypothesized, both York and Philadelphia grade D neighborhoods had less green space, smaller areas of contiguous green space, and were farther from green space. This perpetuates the cycle of systemic racism in urban communities and reinforces environmental injustices.


Written for ES 450: Independent Study in Environmental Studies

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.