Faculty publications from the Psychology Department at Gettysburg College.




Identification of Mental States and Interpersonal Functioning in Borderline Personality Disorder, Kathy R. Berenson, Cara L. Dochat, Christiana G. Martin, Xiao Yang, Eshkol Rafaeli, and Geraldine Downey

Attributions for Rejection and Acceptance in Young Adults with Borderline and Avoidant Personality Features, Kathy R. Berenson, Olga U.A. Nynaes, Emily S. Wakschal, Laura M. Kapner, and Erin C. Sweeney

Seeing Odors in Color: Cross-Modal Associations in Children and Adults from Two Cultural Environments, Nathalie Goubet, Karine Durand, Benoist Schaal, and Daniel D. McCall

A Weight–Related Growth Mindset Increases Negative Attitudes Towards Obese People, Nic Hooper, Alison Crumpton, Michael D. Robinson, and Brian P. Meier

Development and Validation of the Single Item Trait Empathy Scale (SITES), Sara Konrath, Brian P. Meier, and Brad J. Bushman

Effects of Neonatal Handling on Play and Anxiety in F344 and Lewis Rats, Stephen M. Siviy


Managing Your Research Data and Documentation, Kathy R. Berenson


Age Differences in the Desirability of Narcissism, Kathy R. Berenson, William D. Ellison, and Rachel L. Clasing

Dispositional Properties of Metaphor: The Predictive Power of the Sweet Taste Metaphor for Trait and Daily Prosociality, Adam K. Fetterman, Brian P. Meier, and Michael D. Robinson


Self-Compassion, Self-Injury, and Pain, Wesley Ellen Gregory, Jillian V. Glazer, and Kathy R. Berenson

Mindfulness Reduces the Correspondence Bias, Timothy Hopthrow, Nic Hooper, Lynsey Mahmood, Brian P. Meier, and Ulrich W. Weger


The Sweet Life: The Effect of Mindful Chocolate Consumption on Mood, Brian P. Meier, Sabrina W. Noll, and Oluwatobi J. Molokwu


Facial Contrast Is a Cross-Cultural Cue for Perceiving Age, Aurélie Porcheron, Emmanuelle Mauger, Frédérique Soppelsa, Yuli Liu, Liezhong Ge, Olivier Pascalis, Richard Russell, and Frédérique Morizot

The Illusion of Sex, Richard Russell

Facial Contrast Declines with Age but Remains Sexually Dimorphic Throughout Adulthood, Richard Russell, Sarah S. Kramer, and Alex L. Jones

Effects of Cross-Fostering on Play and Anxiety in Juvenile Fischer 344 and Lewis Rats, Stephen M. Siviy, Samantha R. Eck, Lana S. McDowell, and Jennifer A. Soroka

Affective Instability as a Clinical Feature of Avoidant Personality Disorder, Avigal Snir, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Kathy R. Berenson, Geraldine Downey, and Eshkol Rafaeli

Gender Asymmetry in the Construction of American National Identity, Laura Van Berkel, Ludwin E. Molina, and Sahana Mukherjee


Seeing Things Differently: An Experimental Investigation of Social Cognition and Interpersonal Behavior in Anorexia nervosa, Suman Ambwani, Kathy R. Berenson, Lea Simms, Amanda Li, Freya Corfield, and Janet Treasure


Impulsivity, Rejection Sensitivity, and Reactions to Stressors in Borderline Personality Disorder, Kathy R. Berenson, Wesley Ellen Gregory, Erin Glaser, Aliza Romirowsky, Eshkol Rafaeli, Xiao Yang, and Geraldine Downey

Coloration in Different Areas of Facial Skin is a Cue to Health: The Role of Cheek Redness and Periorbital Luminance in Health Perception, Alex L. Jones, Aurélie Porcheron, Jennifer R. Sweda, Frederique Morizot, and Richard Russell


Bah Humbug: Unexpected Christmas Cards and the Reciprocity Norm, Brian P. Meier


The Influence of Safety, Efficacy, and Medical Condition Severity on Natural v. Synthetic Drug Preference, Brian P. Meier and Courtney M. Lappas

Sex Differences in the Perceived Dominance and Prestige of Women With and Without Cosmetics, Viktoria R. Mileva, Alex L. Jones, Richard Russell, and Anthony C. Little

Rough-and-Tumble Play as a Window on Animal Communication, Elisabetta Palagi, Gordon M. Burghardt, Barbara Smuts, Giada Cordoni, Stefania Dall'Olio, Hillary N. Fouts, Milada Řeháková-Petrů, Stephen M. Siviy, and Sergio M. Pellis

Facial Contrast is a Cue for Perceiving Health from the Face, Richard Russell, Aurélie Porcheron, Jennifer R. Sweda, Alex L. Jones, Emmanuelle Mauger, and Frederique Morizot


The Interaction Between Perfectionism and Rumination Predicting State Self-compassion, Caitlin A. Sharp


A Brain Motivated to Play: Insights into the Neurobiology of Playfulness, Stephen M. Siviy



Rejection Sensitivity, Perceived Power, and HIV Risk in the Relationships of Low-Income Urban Women, Kathy R. Berenson, Christine Paprocki, Marget Thomas Fishman, Devika Bhushan, Nabila El-Bassel, and Geraldine Downey


The Myth of the Angry Atheist, Brian P. Meier, Adam Fetterman, Michael D. Robinson, and Courtney M. Lappas


Museum Spaces as Psychological Affordances: Representations of Immigration History and National Identity, Sahana Mukherjee, Phia S. Salter, and Ludwin E. Molina

Handbook of Mindfulness and Self-Regulation, Brian D. Ostafin, Michael D. Robinson, and Brian P. Meier


Effects of Amphetamine on Striatal Dopamine Release, Open-Field Activity, and Play in Fischer 344 and Sprague–Dawley Rats, Stephen M. Siviy, Lana S. McDowell, Samantha R. Eck, Alexandra Turano, Garnik Akopian, and John P. Walsh


Explicit and Inferred Motives for Nonsuicidal Self-Injurious Acts and Urges in Borderline and Avoidant Personality Disorders, Avigal Snir, Eshkol Rafaeli, Reuma Gadassi, Kathy R. Berenson, and Geraldine Downey


Amphetamine and Cocaine Suppresses Social Play Behavior in Rats Through Distinct Mechanisms, E.J. Marijke Achterberg, Viviana Trezza, Stephen M. Siviy, Laurens Schrama, Anton N.M. Schoffelmeer, and Louk J.M.J. Vanderschuren


Out of the Frying Pan, Into the Fire: Mixed Affective Reactions to Social Proximity in Borderline and Avoidant Personality Disorders in Daily Life, Reuma Gadassi, Avigal Snir, Kathy R. Berenson, Geraldine Downey, and Eshkol Rafaeli


Mindful Eating: Trait and State Mindfulness Predict Healthier Eating Behavior, Christian H. Jordan, Wan Wang, Linda R. Donatoni, and Brian P. Meier


Development and Validation of the Single Item Narcissism Scale (SINS), Sara Konrath, Brian P. Meier, and Brad J. Bushman

Sclera Color Changes with Age and is a Cue for Perceiving Age, Health, and Beauty, Richard Russell, Jennifer R. Sweda, Aurélie Porcheron, and Emmanuelle Mauger


Hope, Ethnic Pride, and Academic Achievement: Positive Psychology and Latino Youth, Derik K. Yager-Elorriaga, Kathy R. Berenson, and Paula McWhirter


Reviewing, Categorizing, and Analyzing the Literature on Black-White Mean Differences for Predictors of Job Performance: Verifying Some Perceptions and Updating/Correcting Others, Philip Bobko and Philip Roth


Eye-Catching Odors: Olfaction Elicits Sustained Gazing to Faces and Eyes in 4-Month-Old Infants, Karine Durand, Jean-Yves Baudouin, David J. Lewkowicz, Nathalie Goubet, and Benoist Schaal

Semantic Context Facilitates Odor Identification in Children and Adults, Nathalie Goubet, Daniel D. McCall, Jennifer K. Ducz, and Megan L. Bingham

The Power of Metaphor: Examining its Influence on Social Life, Mark J. Landau, Michael D. Robinson, and Brian P. Meier


Reducing the Tendency to Aggress: Insights from Social and Personality Psychology, Brian P. Meier and Benjamin M. Wilkowski


Aspects of Facial Contrast Decrease with Age and Are Cues for Age Perception, Aurelie Porcheron, Emmanuelle Mauger, and Richard Russell


Emotion Differentiation as a Protective Factor Against Nonsuicidal Self-Injury in Borderline Personality Disorder, Landon F. Zaki, Karin G. Coifman, Eshkol Rafaeli, Kathy R. Berenson, and Geraldine Downey


From Negative to Positive and Back Again: Polarized Affective and Relational Experience in Borderline Personality Disorder, Karin G. Coifman, Kathy R. Berenson, Eshkol Rafaeli, and Geraldine Downey

Anger as Seeing Red: Evidence for a Perceptual Association, Adam Fetterman, Michael D. Robinson, and Brian P. Meier


Color in Context: Psychological Context Moderates the Influence of Red on Approach- and Avoidance-Motivated Behavior, Brian P. Meier, Paul R. D'Agostino, Andrew J. Elliott, Markus A. Meier, and Benjamin M. Wilkowski

Sweet Taste Preferences and Experiences Predict Prosocial Inferences, Personalities, and Behaviors, Brian P. Meier, Miles Riemer-Peltz, Sara K. Moeller, and Michael D. Robinson

Embodiment in Social Psychology, Brian P. Meier, Simone S. Schnall, Norbert Schwarz, and John A. Bargh

Motivational Versus Metabolic Effects of Carbohydrates on Self-Control, Daniel C. Molden, Chin Ming Hui, Abigail A. Scholer, Brian P. Meier, Eric E. Noreen, Paul R. D'Agostino, and Valerie A. Martin

Work-Family Balance, Well-Being, and Organizational Outcomes: Investigating Actual Versus Desired Work/Family Time Discrepancies, Heather N. Odle-Dusseau, Thomas W. Britt, and Philip Bobko

L'atteinte de l‘objet chez l’enfant né prematuré / Reaching for objects in prematurely born infants, Laura P. O’Sullivan, Nathalie Goubet, and Neil E. Berthier

Counting to Ten Milliseconds: Low Anger but not High Anger, Individuals Pause Following Negative Evaluations, Michael D. Robinson, Benjamin M. Wilkowski, Brian P. Meier, Sara K. Moeller, and Adam Fetterman

A Meta-Analysis of Gender Group Differences for Measures of Job Performance in Field Studies, Philip Roth, Kristen Purvis, and Philip Bobko

Cosmetics Use: Psychological Perspectives, Richard Russell

Developmental Prosopagnosia and Super-Recognition: No Special Role for Surface Reflectance Processing, Richard Russell, Garga Chatterjee, and Ken Nakayama

Brighten Up: Smiles Facilitate Perceptual Judgment of Facial Lightness, Hyunjin Song, Andrew J. Vonasch, Brian P. Meier, and John A. Bargh

Gender and Age Effects Interact in Preschoolers' Help-Seeking: Evidence for Differential Responses to Changes in Task Difficulty, R. Bruce Thompson, Thomas Cothran, and Daniel D. McCall

Mindful Maths: Reducing the Impact of Stereotype Threat through Mindfulness Exercise, Ulrich W. Weger, Nic Hooper, Brian P. Meier, and Timothy Hopthrow


The Effects of Changing Power and Influence Tactics on Trust in the Supervisor: A Longitudinal Field Study, Roger C. Mayer, Philip Bobko, James H. Davis, and Mark B. Gavin


A Perceptually Based Comparison of Image Similarity Metrics, Richard Russell and Pawan Sinha


Dysfunctional play and dopamine physiology in the Fischer 344 rat, Stephen M. Siviy, Cynthia A. Crawford, Garnik Akopian, and John P. Walsh


Serotonin, Motivation, and Playfulness in the Juvenile Rat, Stephen M. Siviy, Loren M. Deron, and Chelsea R. Kasten


In Search of the Neurobiological Substrates for Social Playfulness in Mammalian Brains, Stephen M. Siviy and Jaak Panksepp



Crossing the ‘Uncanny Valley’: Adaptation to Cartoon Faces Can Influence Perception of Human Faces, Haiwen Chen, Richard Russell, Ken Nakayama, and Margaret Livingstone


Play and Adversity: How the Playful Mammalian Brain Withstands Threats and Anxieties, Stephen M. Siviy


Effects of Chlordiazepoxide on Predator Odor-Induced Reductions of Playfulness in Juvenile Rats, Stephen M. Siviy, Courtney L. Steets, and Lauren M. DeBrouse


Priming God-Related Concepts Increases Anxiety and Task Persistence, Tina M. Toburen and Brian P. Meier


Mellow Monday and Furious Friday: The Approach-Related Link Between Anger and Time Representation, David J. Hauser, Margaret S. Carter, and Brian P. Meier


Downright Sexy: Verticality, Implicit Power, and Perceived Physical Attractiveness, Brian P. Meier and Sarah G. Dionne


A Sex Difference in Facial Contrast and its Exaggeration by Cosmetics, Richard Russell



Computational Models of Facial Attractiveness Judgments, P Matthew Bronstad, Judith H. Langlois, and Richard Russell


Effects of Neonatal Handling on Play Behavior and Fear Towards a Predator Odor in Juvenile Rats, Stephen M. Siviy


Effects of Pre-pubertal Social Experiences on the Responsiveness of Juvenile Rats to Predator Odors, Stephen M. Siviy



Beauty is in the ‘We’ of the Beholder: Greater Agreement on Facial Attractiveness Among Close Relations, P Matthew Bronstad and Richard Russell


Real-world Face Recognition: The Importance of Surface Reflectance Properties, Richard Russell and Pawan Sinha



Is Pigmentation Important for Face Recognition? Evidence From Contrast Negation, Richard Russell, Pawan Sinha, Irving Biederman, and Marissa Nederhouser



Sex, Beauty, and the Relative Luminance of Facial Features, Richard Russell



The Energetic Costs of Rough and Tumble Play in the Juvenile Rat, Stephen M. Siviy and Dale M. Atrens



Sensory Modulation of Juvenile Play in Rats, Stephen M. Siviy and Jaak Panksepp