Student research from the Environmental Studies Department at Gettysburg College.



The Greening and Browning of the San Juan Mountain Range: Trend Analysis of Landscape Change using Landsat Imagery, Katherine C. Cavanaugh and Rutherford V. Platt


Fracking in Pennsylvania: A Spatial Analysis of Impacts on Land Cover and Land Use, the Viewshed, and the Audioshed, Kelly A. Collins

Fracking in Pennsylvania: A Spatial Review of Impacts on the Soundshed, Viewshed, and Land Cover, Kelly A. Collins and Rutherford V. Platt


Crafting a Campus Sustainability Action Plan: A Grassroots Approach, Jolina A. Kenney

The Effectiveness of Education and Outreach Tools to Increase Interest in the Biodiversity of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Emily M. Love and Emma R. Okell


From Horse and Plow to John Deere: A Comparative Analysis of Sustainability on Amish, Mennonite, and Non-Plain Farms in South Central Pennsylvania, Stephanie K. Adamczak, Sarah E. Cardwell, Danielle M. Keim, and Amy L. Whitehouse

A Feasibility Study of Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles to Survey Avian Abundance using Audio Recording, Janine M. Barr


A Feasibility Study of Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles to Survey Avian Abundance by Using Audio Recording, Janine M. Barr and Andrew M. Wilson

Relationships between Forest Bird Declines and Hemlock Woolly Adelgid Prevalence in the Eastern United States, Julie E. Blum


Spatial and Temporal Relationships Between Forest Bird Declines and Prevalence of the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid in the Northeastern United States, Julie E. Blum and Andrew M. Wilson

Foraging for a Better Future: Feasibility of Wild Edibles as a Supplemental Sustainable Food Option, Zachary M. Bomes, Jasmine T. Colahan, Erin C. Palmer, and Juliet M. Pawelski

Drinking Red and Thinking Green?: Hard Apple Cider Sustainability in Pennsylvania, Ethan M. Boroson, Michael A. Reali, and Jason P. Sartorio

Tiny House Communities: The Next Big Thing?, Maura B. Conley, Kylie C. McBride, and Siobhan R. McIlhoney


Healthy Options: A Community-Based Program to Address Food Insecurity, Amy B. Dailey, Audrey Hess, Camille Horton, Emily Constantian, Salma Monani, Betsy Wargo, Kim Davidson, and Kathy Gaskin

A Bird in the Hand is Worth Two in the Buggy: A GIS Analysis of Farmland Bird Species and Amish Landscapes, Ryan R. Donnelly, Louis J. Gorst, and Jarred A. Jones

From Superfund to Super-Neighborhood: Reworking Walkability for Brownfield Redevelopment in Southcentral Pennsylvania, Emily M. Duggan, Margaret A. Laurino, and Benjamin T. Leighton

Missing the Urban Forest for the Trees: Re-thinking the “Tree City USA” Program as a Catalyst for Sustainable Communities, David G. Engel, Dennis L. Hicks, and Umar Tunkara

Is It Hot Out Here? Communicating Climate Change using Glacier National Park, Online Media, and Place Attachment, Dori L. Gorczyca

A Brewed Awakening: Consumer Consciousness Among Coffee-Drinkers at Gettysburg College, Eric P. Harris, Madeline A. Price, and Rebecca A. Schmitt

Pedaling Toward Sustainability: Assessing Potential Impacts of the Gettysburg Inner Loop, Emily S. Hartman and Sarah E. Watson

Blazing a Trail to Sustainability: Examining the Integration and Utilization of the Appalachian Trail in Boiling Springs and Duncannon, Pennsylvania, Quinn M. Heist and Anna H. Lewis

Discovering the Keystone: Creating a Sustainable Neighborhood in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Richard J. Huy and Jolina A. Kenney

A Morphometric Analysis of Cirques on East Iceland Using GIS, Heather Ipsen

Seed to Seed: The Plausibility of Cradle-To-Cradle Local Food Systems Initiatives in Gettysburg, PA, Johanna C. Roche and Kaitlin E. Wingard



Wheels on the Bus: School Transportation as a Reflection of Sprawl, Autumn C.E. Arthur, Natasha M. Eulberg, and Kevin C. O'Malley


Analysis of Automobile Advertisements in American Magazines, Asnika Bajracharya, Lukwesa K. Morin, and Kendall H. Radovich


The Perfect Pitch: Car Commercials in the Environment, Alyssa P. Beyer and Sara Moyer

“Gone, Gone, Gone”: Legacy Effects of Mussel Biogenic Material on Soft-Bottom Assemblages and Ecosystem Processes, John A. Commito, Sondra E. Winders, Brittany R. Jones, Mitchell A. Jones, and Serena Como


Baltimore and the Cherry Hill Urban Garden: Tearing Down and Building Up the Physical and Imaginative Spaces of Post-Industrial Urban Food Systems, Rebecca L. Croog

Planning a Sustainable Community in Downtown Gettysburg, Rebecca L. Croog, Hannah Ehrmann, Athena L. Mandros, Jessica L. Zupancic, Michaela A. Sweeney, and Randall K. Wilson


Dirty Recycling: Auto Salvage and Its Potential Impacts on Marginalized Populations, Ethan B. Dively, Nicholas C. Ferreri, and Cole D. Rossiter

An Evolution of Landscape and Meaning: Gettysburg National Military Park and Mesa Verde National Park, Adrienne M. Ellis

An Evolution of Landscape and Meaning: The Case of Gettysburg National Military Park, Adrienne M. Ellis and Randall K. Wilson


All That Sprawl, Y’all: An Analysis of Development on Steinwehr Avenue and York Street in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, from 1971 to 2014, Elizabeth K. Emmons, Kalley S. Hansel, and Daly Simpson


Walkable Gettysburg— How Pedestrian Friendly is the Borough of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania?, Samuel C. Gilvarg and Shane A. Kesnig


What Drives Car Attitudes: An Analysis of How Demographics and Environmental Views Relate to Car Attitudes, Kelly M. Gross, Alexandra S. Isaacson, and Brian J.B. Lonabocker

Using Sedimentology and GIS Analysis to Interpret Paleo-Ice Flow in Northern Iceland, Alyson G. Hampsch

Using Sedimentology and GIS Analysis to Interpret Paleo-Ice Flow in Northern Iceland, Alyson G. Hampsch, Sarah M. Principato, and Elizabeth K. Emmons


Noise Pollution? What's the solution?: Understanding Traffic Noise Pollution in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Andrew F. Kapp, Joseph M. Passmore, and Anika H. Schneider

Burning With Purpose: A Preliminary Assessment of the Ethanol-Fueled CleanCook Stove as a Potential Sustainable Cooking Alternative in the Village of Gaindikhatta, Uttarakhand, India, Jessie M. Pierce


The State of the Upper Bay of Panama Wetlands: Ecological Significance, Environmental Policy, Urbanization, and Social Justice, Madeline A. Price

GIS Analysis of Cirques on Vestfirðir, Northwest Iceland: Implications for Paleoclimate, Sarah M. Principato, Jessica F. Lee, and Alyson G. Hampsch

Land Use and Surface Water Withdrawal Effects on Fish and Macroinvertebrate Assemblages in the Susquehanna River Basin, USA, Matthew K. Shank and Jay R. Stauffer


Green-Technology Automobiles: Can modern innovations save the environment and consumers' pockets, Nicholas M. Uline, Steven M. Mahon, and Jason P. Potter

Wind Forcing of Sediment Flux and Post-Larval Transport in a Patchy, Biogenically Structured Intertidal System, Sondra E. Winders

Wind Forcing of Sediment Flux and Post-Larval Transport in a Patchy, Biogenically Structured Intertidal System, Sondra E. Winders, Brittany R. Jones, Mitchell A. Jones, and Serena Como


Sex, Light, and Sound: Location and Combination of Multiple Attractants Affect Probability of Cane Toad (Rhinella marina) Capture, Alyse Yeager, John A. Commito, Andrew M. Wilson, Deborah Bower, and Lin Schwarzkopf


Reefer Madness: Shell Hash Expands Spatial Extent of Bivalve Reef Impacts on Ecosystem Processes, John A. Commito, Brittany R. Jones, Mitchell A. Jones, and Sondra E. Winders


The Status of a PA Endangered Bird- the Upland Sandpiper, Paul A. Di Salvo, Kalley S. Hansel, Jessica L. Zupancic, and Andrew M. Wilson

Live Mussels and Shell Hash Alter Sediment Flux and Macrofauna and Meiofauna Dispersal, Brittany R. Jones, Mitchell A. Jones, Sondra E. Winders, and John A. Commito

Assessing the Impact of Industrialization on Lead Levels in Soils on the Gettysburg College Campus: A Chemical and Spatial Analysis, Nikita L. La Cruz, Sarah M. Principato, and Joseph J. Grzybowski

Using GIS to Reconstruct Paleo Equilibrium-Line Altitudes from Cirques in Northwest Iceland, Jessica F. Lee and Sarah M. Principato

Using GIS and Streamlined Landforms to Interpret Paleo-Ice Flow in Northern Iceland, Alexis N. Moyer and Sarah M. Principato

A Record of Holocene Environmental Change Interpreted from Peat in Eastern Maine, Sarah M. Principato, Andrew C. Reed, Julie T. Markus, Gregory J. Baron, and Alyson G. Hampsch

Multi-Temporal Analysis Reveals that Predictors of Mountain Pine Beetle Infestation Change During Outbreak Cycles, Jonathan A. Walter and Rutherford V. Platt



Challenging The “Man” In Mangroves: The Missing Role Of Women In Mangrove Conservation, Alyssa L. Bosold


Farmers Markets and the Local Food System: The Case of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Paul A. Di Salvo, Claire Quinn, Robin Arnold, Caroline Clark, Suzanne Englot, Andrew Mello, Julia P. Mitchell, Emily Ruhl, Rebecca Taormina, Cashin Conover, Valerie Leone, Michael Mattaini, William Patton, Elizabeth Rouillard, Nicholas Smith-Herman, Jordan Swenson, Kelly Webster, Brian Wooldredge, and Randall K. Wilson



Gettysburg College Sustainability Proposal, Joseph W. Boone, Andrea Carson, Sarah F. Hecklau, Erik J. Hughes, Catherine A. Leech, Taylor J. McGrath, Nicole L. Moody, Christian I. Neumann, Mary K. Ranii, John D. Ryder, Megan Sherman, Sara W. Tower, and Sarah Weinstein



Using GIS to Quantify Patterns of Glacial Erosion on Northwest Iceland: Implications for Independent Ice Sheets, Sarah M. Principato and Jeremiah S. Johnson


Species Diversity in the Soft-Bottom Intertidal Zone: Biogenic Structure, Sediment, and Macrofauna Across Mussel Bed Spatial Scales, John A. Commito, Serena Como, Benjamin M. Grupe, and Wendy Dow Piniak

An Evaluation of an Object-Oriented Paradigm for Land Use/Land Cover Classification, Rutherford V. Platt and Lauren M. Rapoza


Hierarchical Spatial Structure in Soft-Bottom Mussel Beds, John A. Commito, Wendy Dow Piniak, and Benjamin M. Grupe

Fractal Characterization of Mytilus edulis L. Spatial Structure in Intertidal Landscapes Using GIS Methods, Thomas W. Crawford, John A. Commito, and Ann M. Borowik


Mussels Matter: Postlarval Dispersal Dynamics Altered by a Spatially Complex Ecosystem Engineer, John A. Commito, Emily A. Celano, Holly J. Celico, Serena Como, and Craig P. Johnson


Structural Complexity in Mussel Beds: the Fractal Geometry of Surface Topography, John A. Commito and Brian R. Rusignuolo