Student research from the Environmental Studies Department at Gettysburg College.



From Horse and Plow to John Deere: A Comparative Analysis of Sustainability on Amish, Mennonite, and Non-Plain Farms in South Central Pennsylvania, Stephanie K. Adamczak, Sarah E. Cardwell, Danielle M. Keim, and Amy L. Whitehouse

Foraging for a Better Future: Feasibility of Wild Edibles as a Supplemental Sustainable Food Option, Zachary M. Bomes, Jasmine T. Colahan, Erin C. Palmer, and Juliet M. Pawelski

Drinking Red and Thinking Green?: Hard Apple Cider Sustainability in Pennsylvania, Ethan M. Boroson, Michael A. Reali, and Jason P. Sartorio

A Bird in the Hand is Worth Two in the Buggy: A GIS Analysis of Farmland Bird Species and Amish Landscapes, Ryan R. Donnelly, Louis J. Gorst, and Jarred A. Jones

A Brewed Awakening: Consumer Consciousness Among Coffee-Drinkers at Gettysburg College, Eric P. Harris, Madeline A. Price, and Rebecca A. Schmitt

Seed to Seed: The Plausibility of Cradle-To-Cradle Local Food Systems Initiatives in Gettysburg, PA, Johanna C. Roche and Kaitlin E. Wingard



Wheels on the Bus: School Transportation as a Reflection of Sprawl, Autumn C.E. Arthur, Natasha M. Eulberg, and Kevin C. O'Malley


Analysis of Automobile Advertisements in American Magazines, Asnika Bajracharya, Lukwesa K. Morin, and Kendall H. Radovich


The Perfect Pitch: Car Commercials in the Environment, Alyssa P. Beyer and Sara Moyer


Baltimore and the Cherry Hill Urban Garden: Tearing Down and Building Up the Physical and Imaginative Spaces of Post-Industrial Urban Food Systems, Rebecca L. Croog


Dirty Recycling: Auto Salvage and Its Potential Impacts on Marginalized Populations, Ethan B. Dively, Nicholas C. Ferreri, and Cole D. Rossiter


All That Sprawl, Y’all: An Analysis of Development on Steinwehr Avenue and York Street in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, from 1971 to 2014, Elizabeth K. Emmons, Kalley S. Hansel, and Daly Simpson


Walkable Gettysburg— How Pedestrian Friendly is the Borough of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania?, Samuel C. Gilvarg and Shane A. Kesnig


What Drives Car Attitudes: An Analysis of How Demographics and Environmental Views Relate to Car Attitudes, Kelly M. Gross, Alexandra S. Isaacson, and Brian J.B. Lonabocker


Noise Pollution? What's the solution?: Understanding Traffic Noise Pollution in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Andrew F. Kapp, Joseph M. Passmore, and Anika H. Schneider


The State of the Upper Bay of Panama Wetlands: Ecological Significance, Environmental Policy, Urbanization, and Social Justice, Madeline A. Price

Land use and surface water withdrawal effects on fish and macroinvertebrate assemblages in the Susquehanna River basin, USA, Matthew K. Shank and Jay R. Stauffer


Green-Technology Automobiles: Can modern innovations save the environment and consumers' pockets, Nicholas M. Uline, Steven M. Mahon, and Jason P. Potter


Sex, Light, and Sound: Location and Combination of Multiple Attractants Affect Probability of Cane Toad (Rhinella marina) Capture, Alyse Yeager, John A. Commito, Andrew M. Wilson, Deborah Bower, and Lin Schwarzkopf



Healthy Options: A Community-Based Program to Address Food Insecurity, Amy B. Dailey, Audrey Hess, Camille Horton, Emily Constantian, Salma Monani, Betsy Wargo, Kim Davidson, and Kathy Gaskin

Multi-Temporal Analysis Reveals that Predictors of Mountain Pine Beetle Infestation Change During Outbreak Cycles, Jonathan A. Walter and Rutherford V. Platt



Challenging The “Man” In Mangroves: The Missing Role Of Women In Mangrove Conservation, Alyssa L. Bosold


Farmers Markets and the Local Food System: The Case of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Paul A. Di Salvo, Claire Quinn, Robin Arnold, Caroline Clark, Suzanne Englot, Andrew Mello, Julia Mitchell, Emily Ruhl, Rebecca Taormina, Cashin Conover, Valerie Leone, Michael Mattaini, William Patton, Elizabeth Rouillard, Nicholas Smith-Herman, Jordan Swenson, Kelly Webster, Brian Wooldredge, and Randall K. Wilson



Gettysburg College Sustainability Proposal, Joseph W. Boone, Andrea Carson, Sarah F. Hecklau, Erik J. Hughes, Catherine A. Leech, Taylor J. McGrath, Nicole L. Moody, Christian I. Neumann, Mary K. Ranii, John D. Ryder, Megan Sherman, Sara W. Tower, and Sarah Weinstein



Using GIS to Quantify Patterns of Glacial Erosion on Northwest Iceland: Implications for Independent Ice Sheets, Sarah M. Principato and Jeremiah S. Johnson


Species Diversity in the Soft-Bottom Intertidal Zone: Biogenic Structure, Sediment, and Macrofauna Across Mussel Bed Spatial Scales, John A. Commito, Serena Como, Benjamin M. Grupe, and Wendy E. Dow Piniak

An Evaluation of an Object-Oriented Paradigm for Land Use/Land Cover Classification, Rutherford V. Platt and Lauren M. Rapoza


Hierarchical Spatial Structure in Soft-Bottom Mussel Beds, John A. Commito, Wendy Dow Piniak, and Benjamin M. Grupe

Fractal Characterization of Mytilus edulis L. Spatial Structure in Intertidal Landscapes Using GIS Methods, Thomas W. Crawford, John A. Commito, and Ann M. Borowik


Mussels Matter: Postlarval Dispersal Dynamics Altered by a Spatially Complex Ecosystem Engineer, John A. Commito, Emily A. Celano, Holly J. Celico, Serena Como, and Craig P. Johnson


Structural Complexity in Mussel Beds: the Fractal Geometry of Surface Topography, John A. Commito and Brian R. Rusignuolo